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  • Sol Speech Therapy

Phonemic Awareness Activities

Updated: Jan 21, 2022


Hi again!


SST here...so I started with a basic definition of phonemic/phonological awareness because I am sure most people haven't heard of those words before. A phoneme is the smallest unit of a word. For example, the word "dog" is broken down into three phonemes /d/, /o/, /g/. When we first begin to make associations with letters and sounds, we are becoming more aware of those individual phonemes. Phonemic awareness goes hand in hand with phonological awareness, but I will save that for another post.


Incorporating phonemic awareness activities into your child's routine is a great step toward improving those pre-reading skills. Having the ability to sound out words and memorize the sounds letters make is truly a key piece in their development of literacy skills. Here are some activities to consider:

  • Using letter magnets/puzzles (This gives you the freedom to manipulate individual sounds easily)

  • Making letters out of foods/moldable textures (spaghetti/play-doh)

  • Singing nursery rhymes and segmenting the words (You can segment the sounds in words by clapping or stomping on the floor)

  • Rhyming games (e.g. let's say you have cat and hat, you can make it into a song or have your child draw a picture of the items and you can write the word for them to see)

  • Apps: Phonemic Awareness Bubbles, Partners in Rhyme, Sound Beginnings

  • Reading books--your child will enjoy reading more with increased exposure and this will also help with teaching new sounds and words.

Let us know how it goes when you start using these! Or maybe you come up with your own ideas! We would love to hear your feedback & offer any support we can. Just remember to have fun with the process of teaching your child these skills that they will use for the rest of their lives.

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